n. Human immunodeficiency virus, the virus that causes AIDS. The risk of acquiring AIDS is increased by the presence of gonorrhea or other sexually transmitted diseases.
Human immunodeficiency virus; a retrovirus that causes AIDS by infecting helper T cells of the immune system. The most common serotype, HIV-1, is distributed worldwide, while HIV-2 is primarily confined to West Africa. Also called AIDS virus, human T-cell leukemia virus type III, human T-cell lymphotrophic virus type III, lymphadenopathy-associated virus.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Human Immunodeficiency virus
HIV-positive having a positive reaction on a test for the human immunodeficiency virus; used to indicate that an individual has been infected with the human immunodeficiency virus but does not yet have AIDS. Persons who are HIV-positive require sensitive counseling, information regarding transmission of the virus, and close supervision of their health status.
HIV (human immunodeficiency virus)
An RNA retrovirus of the genus Lentivirus that infects and destroys vital cells of the human immune system, such as helper T cells (CD4+ cells). It causes the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and may lead to complications such as anterior uveitis, viral keratitis, cytomegalovirus retinitis, microvascular abnormalities of the conjunctiva and/or retina, etc. See acquired immunodeficiency (AIDS) syndrome.