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glossary:oncologist

A physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of cancer.

A clinical oncologist is usually trained in one of the three primary disciplines of oncology:

Medical oncology – the treatment of cancer with medicine, including chemotherapy.

Surgical oncology – the surgical aspects of cancer including biopsy, staging, and surgical resection of malignancies)

Radiation oncology – the treatment of cancer with therapeutic radiation.

Once a cancer diagnosis is made, it is the oncologist's role to explain the cancer diagnosis and meaning of the disease stage to the patient; discuss various treatment options; recommend the best course of treatment; deliver optimal care; and improve quality of life both through curative therapy and palliative care with pain and symptom management.

See also:

Oncology

glossary/oncologist.txt · Last modified: 2012/10/16 14:40 (external edit)